Abstract: While AI has recently produced impressive systems that achieve human-like performance at challenging tasks, these systems tell us very little about how human intelligence works. In particular, they do not address the problem of composing knowledge and behaviour incrementally – a phenomenon that is pervasive in individual and collective human intelligence. We argue that achieving more human-like AI requires focusing on diversity in reasoning and behaviour among humans and artificial agents, and that developing systems capable of dealing with such diversity is key to achieving more human-like AI. In these systems intelligence should not only be measured in terms of how a system performs at a certain task, but also in terms of the properties of the process by which each component combines its knowledge and behaviour with that of others, just like humans do.
Citation: M. Rovatsos. Diversity-Awareness – The Key to Human-Like Computing? In S. Muggleton et al, editor, Twentieth Workshop on Machine Intelligence (MI 20), Windsor Park, UK, 23-25 October, 2016. In press.